Wine barrels, especially those made of oak, have long been used as
containers in which wine is typically aged. Aging in oak typically imparts
desirable vanilla, butter and spice flavors to wine. The barrels that are
used for storing wine can vary in size, but the most common are barriques.
French Oak was for many years considered especially
desirable for use in constructing wine barrels. In France, Oak typically
comes from one or more primary forests: Allier, Limousin, Nevers, Troncais
and Vosges. The wood from each of these forests has slightly different
characteristics. For example, tightly grained wood tends to impart its
flavors more slowly than does that which is loosely grained. Winemakers
can select wood from different forests to influence how their wine ages.
Early experiments using American Oak as well as oak from many other
countries, were disappointing because the oak imparted too much flavor to
the wine. It was assumed at first that the difficulty lie with the oak.
However, experimentation revealed that the problem was in the preparation
of the wood and the way the barrels were constructed.
While oak barrels are generally used for aging wine, they can also be used
for fermentingOne major difference in preparing the oak was that French
coopers aged the wood for at least two years whereas American coopers used
a kiln-dry method to season the wood. A second major difference was that
French coopers split the wood whereas Americans sawed the staves.
Looking for Wine Barrels, Drums, Wine, New,
Used wine barrels, oak wine barrels? Please scroll down.
Need Some Action - Place Your Ad Here - Find Out How
Add a new listing Link Your Listing
Update a listing
Cant' Find it?
2010 Barlow Ln, Sebastopol, CA 707 829-7103
5353 Broadway St,
American Canyon, CA 94503-9678
Canton Cooperage Co
600 Mcdonald Ave, Santa Rosa, CA 707 836-9742
Canton Wood Sales Office
5793 Skylane Blvd # B, Windsor, CA 707 836-9742
21660 8th St E, Sonoma, CA 707 996-8781
Tonnellerie Radoux USA Inc
480 Aviation Blvd, Santa Rosa, CA 707 284-2888
Still can't find it?
Try searching our entire site, the San Francisco North Bay Area (
Marin, Napa, Sonoma and Solano Counties) and the world wide web below.
|Once the French
barrel building techniques were applied to Oak from other countries,
the results improved substantially. It is now common to find American
Oak as well as that of several other countries including Hungary in
the construction of wine barrels. Barrels made from American Oak
typically cost less than half the price of French Oak Barrels and are
now capable of achieving similar results."
Winemakers can order barrels with the wood on the inside of the barrel
having been lightly charred or “toasted” with fire, medium toasted, or
heavily toasted. The amount (depth) of charring has an influence on
the wine. The decision regarding depth of charring is made on the
basis of the grape variety used and style of wine desired. Barrels can
also be ordered in different shapes and sizes or ordered made of
Redwood or other woods.
New barrels impart more flavors than do previously used barrels. By
the time they have been used for about five years, they impart
virtually no flavor to wine. Therefore, winemakers must decide on the
ratio of new to older barrels to use each year.
Barrels are expensive and several techniques have been devised in an
attempt to save money. One is to shave the inside of used barrels and
insert new thin inner staves that have been toasted. Another is to
place bags containing oak shaving into tanks of wine.
|Back To Top
Napa Valley Barrel and Drum Suppliers